About Smith Rock State Park

Wide view of Smith Rock State Park's large basalt columns and Crooked River

Smith Rock State Park:
Outdoor Adventure Awaits

The high desert of Smith Rock State Park is the indigenous land of the descendants of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs. The Paiute, Wasco and Chinook peoples were seasonal inhabitants and the original stewards of this beautiful land. The rock consists of welded tuff, or compressed volcanic ash and basalt rock. Today you'll find scenic views of deep river canyons and other natural elements unique to the region.

On top of its natural beauty, Smith Rock State Park is known at the birthplace of sport rock climbing. In the 1980's, rock climbers began establishing some of the hardest climbing routes of the time. In 1986 “To Bolt or Not to Be” was the first 5.14 in the United States, attracting elite free-climbers from all around the world to Smith Rock. There are now over 2,000 rock climbing routes that attract climbers from all over the world. With routes for beginners and experienced climbers alike, the park is a haven for climbers of any skill level. The park also contains walk-in camp sites and miles of hiking and biking trails for the everyday adventurer. Whether climbing or exploring Smith Rock State Park, you'll find out why its named one of the 7 Wonders of Oregon.

Directions Parking, & Hours

Smith Rock State Park is located just 3 miles east of highway 97 in the town of Terrebonne. A brown Smith Rock State Park sign and a yellow traffic light mark the turn east on to Smith Rock Way. After turning east, there are small signs for every turn.

  • The closest city to Smith Rock is Bend, Oregon, located about 25 miles south of the park. Although Bend has an airport, you're more likely to come from Portland, which is a quick 3-hour drive to Smith Rock.
  • A $5 day use parking permit is requires year-round. You can also use a current state park camping receipt as a daily parking permit for the days you are registered. Both are available from the self service pay stations.
  • An Oregon State Parks Annual pass is $30, a two-year pass is $50, and both are available at the Welcome Center and online.
  • The park is open year-round. Day-use visitor hours are from dawn to dusk.
  • Bring water bottles. There is water in back of the visitors center and at the bridge to fill water bottles.

View of Crooked River at Smith Rock State ParkRock formations at Smith Rock State Park

Smith Rock Campgrounds

  • Bivouac Campground This is the campground at Smith Rock State Park. It is a Bivouac area; meaning that you walk in to where tents are allowed. No RV camping, RV parks, or car camping is allowed, so bring a tent and be prepared for the weather. Campfires are also not allowed on these campgrounds. Community cooking is available in the central cooking and picnic area near the parking lot, bathrooms, and sink areas. Space is available to campers on a first-come, first-served basis. Reservations are not accepted for these camping spots. The Bivy is generally is full spring and fall Friday through Sunday. Fees are $8 per person per night, and include the parking permit for the next day and the use of the showers. The fee station takes credit cards and exact cash only.
  • Skull Hollow Campground, also called the Grasslands, is 8 miles northeast of Smith Rock. Skull Hollow Campground is a primitive campground, meaning no running water or other amenities, so pack out your trash and 2 pit toilets if you plan to stay here during your visit. Overnight guests can camp in your vehicle and have campfires, but will need to bring their own firewood. Skull Hollow Campground is generally open mid April through mid November. The sites are $10 per individual site and $20 for double size sites.

Driving times

Bend – 30 to 45 minutes
– 50 minutes
Sunriver – 50 minutes
Redmond – 15 to 20 minutes
Terrebonne – 5 minutes
Seattle – 6 hours
Portland – 3 hours
Eugene – 2 3/4 hours

Rock Climbing at
Smith Rock State Park

  • A Climber's Paradise - With nearly 2,000 climbing routes, from the iconic Monkey Face to Marsupial's Traverse, Smith Rock is known as a rock climbing haven across the globe. The diversity of routes offers options for both trad and sport climbing in both single and multi-pitch. No matter your experience or climbing style, the park has terrain for beginner and advanced climbers alike.
  • Weather - The high desert terrain of Smith Rock gives us over 300 days of sunshine per year. The dry climate sees less than 9 inches of rain per year, making Smith Rock a year-round climbing destination. Spring and fall offer the most temperate weather, while summer can bring intense midday heat, so always come prepared! Always check the latest Smith Rock weather updates ahead of a climb.
  • Climb with A Guide - With over 640 acres of terrain, navigating Smith Rock can be intimidating for new visitors. Consider hiring a rock climbing guide who can help you safely and efficiently explore the park and get the most out of your climbing trip. Chockstone Climbing Guides can help you scope out the best routes, offer expert advice, help you get to know your gear inside and out, and support you as you confidently build your climbing skills. We offer a variety of private climbing trips, climbing camps, and climbing courses at Smith Rock for all experience levels. Whether you're looking to master the basics, advance to multi-pitch, or learn how to trad or lead climb, our AMGA-certified guides are here to help you achieve your climbing goals.

Climber smiling while ascending a route in a top rope setting at Smith Rock State ParkClimber ascends a steep route spreading their arms and legs for balance at Smith Rock State Park

Smith Rock Wildlife

Smith Rock is home to many animals. Bald eagles and Golden eagles nest every year at Smith Rock State Park, and prairie falcons may be spotted as well. There are some seasonal closures to certain climbing walls to be aware of due to nesting. In the Crooked River, keep your eyes out for river otters, blue herons, ducks, deer and geese. Lizards and snakes are also common in the park. Rattlesnakes are common during the warmer months, but they are just as afraid of us and we are of them. If you see one, give it plenty of space.

Always practice leave no trace principles and please make sure you carry out all that you carry in.

Dogs and Pets

All dogs and pets are to be on a leash at all times and potty bags are required and are located at the trailheads.

Oregon State Parks Rules and Regulations

Complete lists of day use rules and regulations are located at the parking areas and trailheads.

Brown striped lizard laying on a rock at Smith Rock State ParkPurple, pink, and blue sunset with mountains in the foreground at Smith Rock State ParkYellow and orange sunset with clouds and mountains at Smith Rock State Park
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Our AMGA Accreditation helps assure our clients receive the highest professional standards in our industry.
Our AMGA Accreditation helps assure our clients receive the highest professional standards in our industry.